Photographer's Note

October 18 2007
Aigues-Mortes 300003 30220
43.567 4.183 1 m

Tower of Constance, à Aigues-Mortes, XIIIème century

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Aigues-Mortes is a french commune, located in the department of the Gard of the Languedoc-Roussillon area. It is populated of 6 798 Aiguemortais distributed out of 58 km², that is to say 104 hab/m².

It is Saint-Louis which decided to found Aigues-Mortes in 1240 and thus had a wearing of access in the Mediterranean. Philippe III Bold then the Philippe the Beautiful one, made build the ramparts. After the stranding of the port, Marseilles replaced, in end XVème century, the city which lost its strategic interest.

The Tower of Constancy was built of 1242 to 1254 on order Saint-Louis, Louis IX. It succeeded the preceding one tower built in VIIIème century on order of Charlemagne. Of a diameter of 22 m, it culminates to 33 m height, its walls reach 6 m thickness. From top, one discovers a vast panorama on the surrounding area punt. A turret was used as headlight. In one of the rooms, the room of the knights, were imprisoned at the XVIIIe century protestant women, whose famous Marie Durand, symbol of resistance to the dragons of the King Louis XIV, in the war known as of Camisards, after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Born into 1711 from a family from notable of Vivarais, deprived of her arrested mother, at the four years age, imprisoned in 1730, at the 18 years age and released 38 years later.

A little History, according to wikipedia:
April 13, 1598, in Nantes, the king of France Henri IV signed the edict authorizing a freedom of worship, limited, with the Protestants, granting also certain military fortified towns to them. Henri IV, former Protestant, had chosen to convert with Catholicism to be able to reach the throne. The promulgation of this edict put an end to the wars of religion which devastated France in XVIe century.
With the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, in 1685, under Louis XIV, Protestantism was interdict in France.
Louis XVI in 1787, signed an edict of tolerance which made it possible to the noncatholic people to profit from the marital status without having to convert with Catholicism.
It will be necessary to await the French revolution of 1789 and the Declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen of August the 4, and 11 1789 so that each individual can practise the religion of his choice, to change religion, or not to have religious belief, insofar as the expression of the beliefs in question does not disturb the law and order.

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