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Squid and octopus are ambiguous in French vernacular names for some benthic cephalopods of super-order Incirrina. These animals are characterized, in cephalopods by their eight arms and intelligence. The body is entirely soft except a beak, which resembles in some respects that of parrots. The word 'octopus' comes from the Greek polypous, meaning' several feet. The word octopus is of more recent origin and was introduced in 1865 in the French language by Victor Hugo's novel Toilers of the Sea. The word is borrowed from the vocabulary of Guernsey fishermen heard during her stay on the island Anglo Norman. He quickly supplanted the word octopus in common usage. Its success is such that it is taken in Italian with the word piovra. These two terms do not apply to all octopodes. Indeed, it is first a trademark and gourmet, represented mainly by the common octopus that abounds on the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts. Thus, this term denotes the species of the family octopodidés, is the largest family of octopodes, with over 200 species. The species of this family have in common such as their mode of benthic life, but improperly, the term 'octopus' refers to other species of super-order
Incirrina since they share with family Octopodidae some characters except their way of benthic life. While the other species suborder (Cirrina) are not as they have octopus tendrils, an umbrella and fins and a way of pelagic life.

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Additional Photos by Jean Philippe TUR (tenretin) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 244 W: 7 N: 416] (3130)
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