Photographer's Note

The beginnings of this castle's history reach the year 1346... or 1347. The oldest building in Olsztyn, it was built by the Teutonic Order as the protection against Old Prussians.
The castle belonged to the chapter of the Warmia diocese, which along with the bishop of Warmia was subjected to the military protection of the Order of Teutonic Knights until 1454.

One of its resident was astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus (1516-21). When Olsztyn was besieged by the Teutonic Knights(*) during the Polish-Teutonic War (15191521), Copernicus was in charge of the defenses of Olsztyn and Warmia at the head of Royal Polish forces.
(*)I find it funny that Teutonic Order was in this position, because they'd built this castle, after all ;-) They could check if the task was finished properly ;-)
Anyway, on the wall of the castle you can see unique astronomy drawings aparrently made by Copernicus himself.
In the 18th century Olsztyn castle began to lose stature as the seat of the chapter administration had been moved to Frombork.
In 1945 the castle became the seat of the Masurian Museum, later renamed into the Museum of Warmia and Mazury.

At the foot of the castle in the former moat there's a stage - many cultural events take place in this historical scenery.

You can see the castle from the opposite side on my other picture: http://pl.trekearth.com/gallery/photo761932.htm

More interesting facts in English here: http://www.szlak.zamkigotyckie.org.pl/olsztyn-ang.htm

Zamek Kapitu造 Warmi雟kiej w Olsztynie. Solidna, gotycka konstrukcja (budow rozpocz皻o w 1347 ... albo 1346 roku), kt鏎ej solidno嗆 zadziwi豉 samych budowniczych - Krzy瘸k闚, kt鏎ym przysz這 j zdobywa w 1521 roku.
Najbardziej znanym lokatorem zamku by Miko豉j Kopernik, a tury軼i mog zobaczy wykonan przez niego na 軼ianie zamku tablic astronomiczn (a r闚nie 'wychodek Kopernika' ;-))

Dzi - siedziba Muzeum Warmii i Mazur. U podn騜a zamku (kt鏎ego nie wida, bo w豉郾ie tam sko鎍zy mi si kadr) jest amfiteatr. W tej oto uroczej scenerii odbywa si wiele imprez kulturalnych.
Zamek z drugiej strony mo瞠cie zobaczy na moim innym zdj璚iu: http://pl.trekearth.com/gallery/photo761932.htm

dta, holmertz, dareco oznaczy to zdj璚ie jeko u篡teczne

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Additional Photos by Joanna Potorska (Asiulus) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 174 W: 85 N: 215] (1184)
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