Photographer's Note

Komancza is a village in the Sanok County, in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship (province) of south-eastern Poland. It is situated in the Bukowsko Upland mountains, located near the towns of Medzilaborce and Palota (in northeastern Slovakia).

On the sidelines of the village is The Monastery of the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth, which was the place of internment of Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski from October 27, 1955 to October 28, 1956, that is, as the sisters say: "The arrival announcement came on the Feast of Christ the King and the trip took place a year later." Here, on May 16, 1956, on the Feast of Andrzej Bobola, he wrote the Polish text of the Jasna Gora Wedding of the Polish Nation in 1955-1956. The room in which the cardinal lived is made available to the public.

The village was first mentioned in historical records in 1512 as Crziemyenna, and in 1524 as Komancza. In 1785, the village lands comprised 8.93 km2 , with a population of 450 Greek Catholics, 16 Roman Catholics, and 15 Jews. After World War I, the village was the site of the ephemeral Komancza Republic (November 1918 – January 1919). In 1936, the Greek Catholics (Uniates) population increased to 878. In 1945 the Ukrainian parish priest, Orest Venhrynovych, was murdered by the Poles, and in 1946 the village was burned down during border disputes with Ukraine when many local citizens were forcibly deported to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Others were removed from Komancza on 29 April 1947 as part of Operation Vistula and moved to the Silesian area of Poland.

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Additional Photos by Krzysztof Dera (Fis2) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 11488 W: 163 N: 19310] (141752)
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