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Photographer's Note

This is a shot of Bursa Kalesi (Fortress) in Cekirge district.

Here is a short history about the city from http://www.guide-martine.com :

Ancient Prusa was founded towards the end of the 3C BC by Bithynian king Prusias I, at the foot of old Mount Olympus of Mysia (a region colonized by the Phrygians, the Lydians and the Persians) today called Mount Uludag*, “the great mountain”, which soars to 2,443 m / 8,015 ft. In 190 BC, following their victory over Seleucid Antiochus III, the Romans gave Prusa to their ally Eumenes II, the King of Pergamum. Together with Bythinia, the city, which was named Prusa ad Olympium, became a Roman province after the defeat of the King of Pontus, Mithridades VI in 64 BC. The Romans started to exploit the many hot springs and their healing waters in the surroundings. In the Byzantine period, Emperor Justinian had somptuous thermal baths built in Çekirge*. In 1075, the Seljuk Turks took Bursa but had to give it up when the army of the First Crusade marched on Nicea. Fights between Seljuks and Byzantines for the possession of the city lasted until Alexius Comnenus restored Byzantine authority over the region which became, after the capture of Constantinople by the Latins in 1204, the center of Byzantine resistance under the leadership of Theodorus Lascaris, with Nicea as the capital.
Osman Gazi, the founder of the Ottoman dynasty, besieged the city many times. In 1326, the city finally fell to his successor Orhan Gazi, and became under the name Bursa, the first capital of the Ottoman Turks. The city then developed considerably and was adorned with beautiful monuments. After the capital was moved to Edirne in 1364 and although it lost its old political significance, Bursa remained an important trade center.
At the end of World War I on July 9, 1920 Bursa was occupied by Greece. During the War of Independence on September 12, 1922, the city was taken back by the Turkish forces.


For centuries Bursa has been Known as the “green city” maybe because of its old Ottoman monuments decorated with glazed tiles in a dominant green color, but mainly because it is filled with gardens and parks and is surrounded by orchards and green pastures. Bursa is the center of an important agricultural area where fruit growing has the greatest share (Bursa is famous for its succulent peaches).
Bursa, which was located on the westernmost extension of the Silk Road, has been the center of sericulture and silk production since the 15th Century, producing silk cloth and also silk threads for the famous Hereke silk carpets.
Bursa, which is the 5th largest city in Turkey, today may be in contradiction with herself for it has become an industrialized city and the center of the first organized industrial region in Turkey (1962). The dominant industrial sectors in Bursa are the automotive, automotive parts manufacturing, textile (towel manufactoring), food processing, leather, ready-to-wear clothing and metal goods.

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Additional Photos by Pinar Erol (Amphitrite) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 217 W: 3 N: 219] (1720)
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