Photographer's Note

An active Ijen volcano is one of the most impressive natural wonders of Indonesia. Lying at 2300m above
sea level, the volcanic cone dominates the landscape of eastern Java. A crater lake of turquoise-blue
waters offers the most stunning views at day break. It is the world’s most acidic lake and sulphur-mining is the main economic activity for poor villagers nearby. For the miners, their daily routine begins early in the morning at the crater floor next to the lake. Red molten hot sulphur spurts out and flows through steel pipelines which then turns bright yellows as it dries. Miners then dig the sulphur in the most hazardous conditions without any protective equipment. Fumes also pose a serious threat to health. Basketful of sulphur weighing up to 70 kilograms, are lugged on shoulders, from the base of the crater right up to the top through steep slopes and narrow trails, then back down to base weighing station some 7 kilometers away. And each miner will gets 5 cents per kilo for their hard work, what a life!

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Additional Photos by abmdsudi abmdsudi (abmdsudi) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 8742 W: 136 N: 21264] (95869)
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