Photographer's Note

Post #3 from the photo day with TE friend ’Didi’

From this summit the Cathars could look out to their beloved land Cathar, part of the today’s Languedoc-Roussillon region in south of France.
500.000 thousands of the Cathers were to be killed by a Papal decret, initiated by the Pope Innocent III.

More details of the Cathars
What is certain is that they formed an anti-sacerdotal party in opposition to the Catholic Church, and raised a continued protest against perceived corruption of the clergy. They did not believe in the doctrine of the Trinity claiming it was an invention of the Roman Catholic Church. Women were treated as equals, because their physical form was irrelevant; their soul could have been a man's soul before, and it might once again become one.

The war (Crusade) against Cathars, iniciated by Pope Innocent III, threw the whole of the nobility of the north of France against that of the south, possibly instigated by a papal decree stating that all land owned by Cathars could be confiscated at will.

In one famous incident in 1209, most of Béziers was slaughtered by the Catholic forces headed by the Papal legate. Arnaud-Amaury, the Abbot of Citeaux, was asked how to distinguish between the Catholic and Cathars, and allegedly answered, "Kill them all, God will know his own". The Catholic Encyclopedia denies these words were ever spoken. Béziers is believed to have held no more than 500 Cathars, but over 10,000 citizens were killed.

The Inquisition was established in 1229 to root out the Cathars

On March 16, 1244 a large and symbolically important execution took place, where leaders of Catharism together with more than 200 Cathar laity were thrown into an enormous fire at the prat des cramats near the foot of the castle in Montesegur.

Extract from Wikipedia

2 photos horizontal stitch.

nwoehnl, ajcsousa, RGatward, Fixfocus, ChrisJ, Galeota, huynt, Didi, richtersl, crhieatt, Xalkida, babakhendi oznaczył to zdjęcie jeko użyteczne

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Additional Photos by Jack R Johanson (jrj) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4529 W: 494 N: 7430] (34843)
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