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Cervara di Roma dista 70 chilometri da Roma, capoluogo della omonima provincia. Il territorio del comune risulta compreso tra i 419 e i 1.611 metri sul livello del mare. L'escursione altimetrica complessiva risulta essere pari a 1.192 metri. Il centro abitato comunale di Cervara posto a 1.053m s.l.m risulta essere il piů alto della Provincia di Roma. Č la porta d'ingresso al Parco Naturale Regionale dei Monti Simbruini, che con i suoi 30.000 ettari rappresenta la piů grande area protetta della Regione Lazio.

Cervara di Roma is a comune (municipality) in the province of Rome in the Italian region Latium, located about 50 km east of Rome. Cervara di Roma borders the following municipalities: Agosta, Arsoli, Camerata Nuova, Marano Equo, Rocca di Botte, Subiaco.
It was by Benedictine monks in the 8th or 9th century. The historic center of Cervara can only be reached by foot after a 35 m climb. The village is located in the Monti Simbruini Regional Park.
Cervara has experienced a steady loss of population since World War II as residents left farming for jobs in nearby Rome. With approximately 75 percent of Cervara's inhabitants over the age of 60, the town's population dipped to 465 in 2004.
Cervara di Roma is the highest town in the province of Rome with its 1.020 metres of altitude. In this "nest of eagles" between mounts, the visitors can finally enjoy an authentic contact with the nature that the modern life renders more and more difficult...
The birth of Cervara di Roma goes back to the year 883 and is documented from the action of donation, in 21 august 883 a.C., of some lands of the duke Cesario Vestario to the subiaco monastery of S.Scolastica. In the same action is mentioned for the first time the "Mons Cervaria", name which had to the deers that grazed near the country.
Founded by Benedictine monks in the 8th or 9th century, the small but picturesque hill town, built on a rocky promontory over the Aniene Valley, is dominated by an ancient fort built in the IX century a.C. by the inhabitants of Subiaco to defend themselves from the Saracens.
The fortress, for its inexpugnability, was choice from Pelagio, a schismatic monk, who proclaimed himself Abbot in the 1273 resisting for three years to the attacks of the Papal army. At the end of the 1700's and beginning of the 1800's Cervara di Roma becomes goal of Italian and foreign artists and writers who were attracted by the beauty of the place and the tradition of locals, mostly shepherds. (Ludwing A. Richter, Welmann, F. Montessuy, Herbert, D. Purificato, Giampistone, Aldo Riso, Ciotti, Kattinis, the german painter Giuseppe Antonio Kock, Bartolomeo Pinelli, Samuel Filley Morse, who invented the telegraph, Gaetano Cottafavi, ecc.). The sculptures were made by students with Florence's Fine Arts Academy under the supervision of sculptor Vincenzo Bianchi, who also helped other students carve mythological figures from a rock face over the town called ''Europe's mountain dedicated to peace in the world''. They are born from the white stone of Cervara, a series of figures symbols of peace and fraternity with poetries and murales that adorn the country. The last work, in time order, is a bas-relief of approximately 20m˛ in ceramics, realized from Fabio Piscopo and placed in the little central square. The houses of local families that traditionally give hospitality to visiting artists who dedicate their works to Cervara are also decorated with wall paintings. All these works rich the historic center of Cervara where the access to the automobiles is impossible and the surrounding panorama is only greens mountains and wide valleys. The spanish poet Rafael Alberti (1902-1999), who often stayed in the Aniene valley, called Cervara di Roma ''a sculpture dedicated to the sky, which would fly high if just the air could hold it up''. Cervara, embellished from valuable sculptures, is called the Mountain of Europe for the Peace in the world. In the town there is also an Arts Museum for Peace with paintings and sculptures.

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Additional Photos by Valter Palone (bayno) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1344 W: 297 N: 2538] (18348)
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