Photographer's Note

Work on the vast square cloister (55 x 55 m) of the monastery was begun by Boitac. He built the groin vaults with wide arches and windows with tracery resting on delicate mullions. João de Castilho finished the construction by giving the lower storey a classical overlay and building a more recessed upper storey. The construction of such a two-storey cloister was a novelty at the time. Castilho changed the original round columns of Boitac into rectangular ones. He put Plateresque-style ornaments on it.

Each wing consists of six bays with tracery vaults. The four inner bays rest on massive buttresses, forming broad arcades. The corner bays are linked by a diagonal arched construction and show the richly decorated corner pillars.

The inside walls of the cloister have a wealth of Manueline motives with nautical ornaments, and European, Moorish ans eastern elements. The decorations on the outer walls of the inner courtyard were made in Plateresco style by Castilho. This ornamentation on the walls and the traceried arches of the arcades give the construction a filigree aspect.

The round arches and the horizontal structure are clearly in line with the Renaissance style, while at the same time there is also a relationship with Spanish architecture.

Two-storey cloisters.One of the arcades contains the sober tomb of the poet Fernando Pessoa. There are several tombs in the chapter house : poet and playwright Almeida Garrett (1799–1854), writer-historian Alexandre Herculano (1810–1877), president Teófilo Braga (1843–1924) and president Óscar Carmona (1869–1951). The refectory across the chapter house has several azulejos tiles from the 17th century.

The cloister had a religious function as well as a representative function by its decorative ornamentation and the dynastic symbolic motives, such as the armillarium, coat-of-arms, and the cross from the Order of Christ, showing the growing world power of Portugal.

Already declared a National Monument in 1907, it became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1984.

Shooting Data
Nikon D40
2009/07/14 14:46:47.1
JPEG (8-bit) Fine
Image Size: Large (3008 x 2000)
Lens: 18-55mm F/3.5-5.6 G
Focal Length: 18mm
Exposure Mode: Manual
Metering Mode: Multi-Pattern
1/100 sec - F/8
Exposure Comp.: +3.0 EV
Sensitivity: ISO 200
Optimize Image: Custom
White Balance: Auto
AF Mode: AF-A
Color Mode: Mode IIIa (sRGB)
Tone Comp.: Medium Low
Hue Adjustment: 0°
Saturation: Enhanced
Sharpening: High
Long Exposure NR: Off
VR Control: Off
High ISO NR: Off

Photo Information
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Additional Photos by Paulo Goncalves (Juntas) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1449 W: 216 N: 1809] (7960)
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