Photographer's Note

Lake Van (Turkish: Van Gölü; Armenian: Վանա լիճ; Kurdish: Gola Wanê) is the largest lake in Turkey, in the far east of the country. It is a saline lake of volcanic origin with no outlet, receiving water from numerous small streams that descend from the surrounding mountains. It is 120 km long, 80 km wide and 457 metres deep. It has an area of 3,755 km² and is 1719 metres above sea level.

The lake's outlet was blocked at some time during the pleistocene, when lava flows from Nemrut volcano blocked westward outlet towards the Mus Plain. Now dormant Nemrut Dagi is close to the western shore of the lake and another dormant stratovolcano Suphan Dagi dominates the northern side of the lake. The water level of the lake has often altered dramatically: near Tatvan, Oswald (see Geology of Armenia, 1901) noted a raised beach high above the present level of the lake as well as recently drowned trees. The level of the lake rose by at least three metres during the 1990s, drowning much agricultural land, and (after a brief period of stability and then retreat) seems to be rising again.

Its water is strongly alkaline and rich in sodium carbonate and other salts, which are extracted by evaporation and used as detergents. Darekh, a species of herring caught during the spring floods, spawns near the mouths of streams feeding the lake and is the only fish that can survive in the brackish water.

The lake is surrounded by fruit and grain-growing agricultural areas.

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Mahmut KACAN (noahsark) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 306 W: 87 N: 183] (1092)
  • Genre: Miejsca
  • Medium: Kolorowe
  • Date Taken: 2007-02-03
  • Categories: Natura
  • Na¶wietlenie: f/3.4
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Wersja zdjêcia: Oryginalna wersja
  • Date Submitted: 2007-02-04 16:25
Viewed: 2557
Points: 48
  • None
Additional Photos by Mahmut KACAN (noahsark) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 306 W: 87 N: 183] (1092)
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