Photographer's Note

Gymnasium-Bathhouse of Sardis

A large complex built in center of the lower city in the 2nd century A.D. included a gymnasium and a bathhouse.

The complex was like a kind of fitness center in today. I was over five acres in size and its western part was characterized by large vaulted halls for bathing. The eastern part was a palaestra, a large open courtyard for exercise.

Sardis was the capital of famous kingdom of Lydia.
Lydians were known to be very successful and creative in the fields of commerce and economics.

The Sardis was ruled by Alexander the Great in the 4th century B.C. then by the Roman Empire in the 2nd century B.C.

The temple of Artemis next to the Pactolus river (Sart cayi) dates from the 4th century B.C. There was a temple dedicated to goddess Kybele before that during the time of King Croesus. This one was destroyed by Athenians during the revolt of Ionians against the Persian rule. Then Alexander the Great ordered a new one, the temple of Artemis, on the same site. In fact, only the temple of Kybele was destroyed not the spirit of this important Anatolian goddess. She continued to live in the form of Artemis!

The king Croesus was the wealthiest man of his time and Sardis became the richest city of antiquity. The famous wise man of Athens, also the reformer, Solon, came to see this great city and its famous king.

It is thought that the famous story teller Aesop was a Phrygian who lived in Sardis during the reign of king Croesus.

The empire fell to the hands of Persians in 546 B.C. Besides the temple a small Byzantine church and recently a synagogue was unearthed.

Sardis has one of the Seven Churches of Revelation.

pelin, dumbo oznaczył to zdjęcie jeko użyteczne

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Urungu Erdal Ozer (babakale) Silver Star Critiquer/Silver Note Writer [C: 13 W: 0 N: 26] (169)
  • Genre: Miejsca
  • Medium: Kolorowe
  • Date Taken: 2008-01-13
  • Categories: Architektura
  • Naświetlenie: f/8, 1/250 sekund
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Wersja zdjęcia: Oryginalna wersja
  • Date Submitted: 2008-02-19 23:00
Viewed: 2300
Points: 4
Additional Photos by Urungu Erdal Ozer (babakale) Silver Star Critiquer/Silver Note Writer [C: 13 W: 0 N: 26] (169)
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