Photographer's Note

Stone retaining walls provide vertical growing environment for establishment of stonewall trees.
Seeds of these tree species are brought to wall surfaces by frugivorous birds or bats.
Relying on limited moisture, they germinate and extend their roots to explore openings and joints on walls,
penetrating them to absord water and nutriments.
Roots developed on the wall surfaces also extend their colonies by sending absorbing roots to reach the soil or crest of the walls to capture more food.

Model: X100F
Exposure Time: 1/144
F-Stop: f/5.0
ISO Speed Ratings: 200

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Additional Photos by Robert Deschenes (clic) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2895 W: 0 N: 3795] (24618)
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